netcup vServer (ARM64) Benchmark and Review

Introduction

netcup GmbH sells interesting ARM servers. I bought the VPS 8000 ARM G11 version recently. It has 18 vCore (ARM64), offical website said it’s based on Ampere Altra Max CPUs.

Products VPS 8000 ARM G11
Virtualisation technology KVM
Processor 18 vCore (ARM64)
RAM 64GB DDR4 ECC
Storage space 2048 GB SSD
Network card 2500 Mbit/s
Traffic inclusive

General Testing

Testing script from Teddysun provides an idea of over all performance

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wget -qO- bench.sh | bash

The result is here:

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-------------------- A Bench.sh Script By Teddysun -------------------
 Version            : v2023-10-15
 Usage              : wget -qO- bench.sh | bash
----------------------------------------------------------------------
 CPU Model          : CPU model not detected
 CPU Cores          : 18
 AES-NI             : ✓ Enabled
 VM-x/AMD-V         : ✗ Disabled
 Total Disk         : 2.0 TB (20.7 GB Used)
 Total Mem          : 62.7 GB (3.1 GB Used)
 System uptime      : 1 days, 14 hour 48 min
 Load average       : 0.25, 0.14, 0.10
 OS                 : Debian GNU/Linux 12
 Arch               : aarch64 (64 Bit)
 Kernel             : 6.6.8
 TCP CC             : bbr
 Virtualization     : KVM
 IPv4/IPv6          : ✓ Online / ✓ Online
 Organization       : AS197540 netcup GmbH
 Location           : Nürnberg / DE
 Region             : Bavaria
----------------------------------------------------------------------
 I/O Speed(1st run) : 470 MB/s
 I/O Speed(2nd run) : 673 MB/s
 I/O Speed(3rd run) : 676 MB/s
 I/O Speed(average) : 606.3 MB/s
----------------------------------------------------------------------
 Node Name        Upload Speed      Download Speed      Latency     
 Speedtest.net    174.35 Mbps       147.69 Mbps         0.29 ms     
 Los Angeles, US  626.82 Mbps       1950.34 Mbps        147.10 ms   
 Dallas, US       697.90 Mbps       2109.19 Mbps        133.37 ms   
 Montreal, CA     554.36 Mbps       904.78 Mbps         94.53 ms    
 Paris, FR        2108.91 Mbps      2321.03 Mbps        21.98 ms    
 Shanghai, CN     640.20 Mbps       1484.39 Mbps        255.22 ms   
 Hongkong, CN     5.00 Mbps         0.55 Mbps           301.56 ms   
 Mumbai, IN       1685.98 Mbps      2417.37 Mbps        116.27 ms   
 Singapore, SG    1592.12 Mbps      2572.71 Mbps        179.95 ms   
 Tokyo, JP        423.71 Mbps       1122.09 Mbps        217.83 ms   
----------------------------------------------------------------------
 Finished in        : 5 min 15 sec
 Timestamp          : 2023-12-30 03:55:03 CET
----------------------------------------------------------------------

Yet-Another-Bench-Script

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curl -sL yabs.sh | bash

The result is very detailed and long, I split the result into parts. First, let’s check the script information:

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# ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## #
#              Yet-Another-Bench-Script              #
#                     v2023-11-30                    #
# https://github.com/masonr/yet-another-bench-script #
# ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## #

Sat Dec 30 04:16:48 AM CET 2023

ARM compatibility is considered *experimental*

Then, the basic OS information:

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Basic System Information:
---------------------------------
Uptime     : 1 days, 15 hours, 15 minutes
Processor  : Neoverse-N1
BIOS virt-5.2  CPU @ 2.0GHz
CPU cores  : 18 @ ??? MHz
AES-NI     : ✔ Enabled
VM-x/AMD-V : ❌ Disabled
RAM        : 62.7 GiB
Swap       : 0.0 KiB
Disk       : 2.0 TiB
Distro     : Debian GNU/Linux 12 (bookworm)
Kernel     : 6.6.8
VM Type    : KVM
IPv4/IPv6  : ✔ Online / ✔ Online

IPv6 Network Information:
---------------------------------
ISP        : netcup GmbH
ASN        : AS197540 netcup GmbH
Host       : NETCUP-GMBH
Location   : Karlsruhe, Baden-Wurttemberg (BW)
Country    : Germany

Then, the Disk IO Test:

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fio Disk Speed Tests (Mixed R/W 50/50) (Partition /dev/vda4):
---------------------------------
Block Size | 4k            (IOPS) | 64k           (IOPS)
  ------   | ---            ----  | ----           ---- 
Read       | 138.63 MB/s  (34.6k) | 261.70 MB/s   (4.0k)
Write      | 138.54 MB/s  (34.6k) | 269.48 MB/s   (4.2k)
Total      | 277.18 MB/s  (69.2k) | 531.19 MB/s   (8.2k)
           |                      |                     
Block Size | 512k          (IOPS) | 1m            (IOPS)
  ------   | ---            ----  | ----           ---- 
Read       | 298.21 MB/s    (582) | 442.51 MB/s    (432)
Write      | 323.72 MB/s    (632) | 493.71 MB/s    (482)
Total      | 621.93 MB/s   (1.2k) | 936.22 MB/s    (914)

Then, the Network Speed Test:

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iperf3 Network Speed Tests (IPv4):
---------------------------------
Provider        | Location (Link)           | Send Speed      | Recv Speed      | Ping           
-----           | -----                     | ----            | ----            | ----           
Clouvider       | London, UK (10G)          | 2.45 Gbits/sec  | 2.37 Gbits/sec  | 20.5 ms        
Scaleway        | Paris, FR (10G)           | 2.46 Gbits/sec  | busy            | 20.1 ms        
NovoServe       | North Holland, NL (40G)   | 2.47 Gbits/sec  | 2.38 Gbits/sec  | 9.96 ms        
Uztelecom       | Tashkent, UZ (10G)        | 1.99 Gbits/sec  | 996 Mbits/sec   | 84.2 ms        
Clouvider       | NYC, NY, US (10G)         | 2.00 Gbits/sec  | 542 Mbits/sec   | 91.6 ms        
Clouvider       | Dallas, TX, US (10G)      | 1.44 Gbits/sec  | 648 Mbits/sec   | 128 ms         
Clouvider       | Los Angeles, CA, US (10G) | 1.16 Gbits/sec  | 1.04 Gbits/sec  | 147 ms         

iperf3 Network Speed Tests (IPv6):
---------------------------------
Provider        | Location (Link)           | Send Speed      | Recv Speed      | Ping           
-----           | -----                     | ----            | ----            | ----           
Clouvider       | London, UK (10G)          | 2.44 Gbits/sec  | 2.33 Gbits/sec  | 20.5 ms        
Scaleway        | Paris, FR (10G)           | busy            | busy            | 32.2 ms        
NovoServe       | North Holland, NL (40G)   | 2.48 Gbits/sec  | 2.35 Gbits/sec  | 9.97 ms        
Uztelecom       | Tashkent, UZ (10G)        | 2.10 Gbits/sec  | 875 Mbits/sec   | 84.4 ms        
Clouvider       | NYC, NY, US (10G)         | 1.78 Gbits/sec  | 893 Mbits/sec   | 91.6 ms        
Clouvider       | Dallas, TX, US (10G)      | 1.39 Gbits/sec  | 852 Mbits/sec   | 128 ms         
Clouvider       | Los Angeles, CA, US (10G) | 1.16 Gbits/sec  | 549 Mbits/sec   | 147 ms

Then, Geekbench 6 Result:

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Geekbench 6 Benchmark Test:
---------------------------------
Test            | Value                         
                |                               
Single Core     | 1072                          
Multi Core      | 8650                          
Full Test       | https://browser.geekbench.com/v6/cpu/4192622

Finally, I tested Geekbench 5 only, with following script:

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curl -sL yabs.sh | bash -s -- -i -f  -n -5

Here is Geekbench 6 Result:

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Geekbench 5 Benchmark Test:
---------------------------------
Test            | Value                         
                |                               
Single Core     | 798                           
Multi Core      | 10975                         
Full Test       | https://browser.geekbench.com/v5/cpu/22091599

Review

Now, let’s discuss the result.

CPU Performance

VPS 8000 ARM G11’s Geekbench 6 Multi-Core Score is around 8650, to help you get an idea od its level, I choiced some well known CPUs for comparing.

CPU Single-Core Multi-Core Score
Intel Core i9-13900K 2970 20095
AMD Ryzen 9 7950X 2930 19224
Intel Core i9-12900K 2610 15428
AMD Ryzen 9 7940HS 2481 11741
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D 2085 10922
AMD Ryzen Z1 Extreme 2252 9689
AMD Ryzen 7 7840U 2099 8718
Intel Core i9-9900K 1664 7977

My Framework Laptop 13 with AMD Ryzen 7 7840U has a score of

CPU Single-Core Multi-Core Score
AMD Ryzen 7 7840U 2256 12127

This difference is because modern CPUs have dynamic booster mechanism, it can run above the base clock.

One more thing, I though a few records of Ampere Altra Max 2800 MHz (96 cores) on the Geekbench 6 website. The Single-Core Score is 958 and Multi-Core Score is 11149.

This is odd, my 18 vCore server has a Multi-Core Score of 8650, the Altra Max 2800 MHz (96 cores) got only 11149. I guess the Altra Max 2800 MHz (96 cores) records on the Geekbench 6 website is under performanced, since it’s ADLINK Ampere Altra Developer Platform. It may be not tuned to optimized perfermance.

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